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10 key historical facts about the TRNC

The history of North Cyprus is long and complex, with influences from numerous civilizations, including ancient Greeks, Byzantines, Venetians, Ottomans, and British.



The division of Cyprus in 1974 remains a contentious issue, with ongoing efforts to resolve the conflict and reunify the island. Despite this, North Cyprus has developed into a vibrant and culturally rich destination for tourists and visitors.


Here are top ten information about long and complex history of North Cyprus:



  1. Ancient Times: North Cyprus has a rich history dating back to ancient times, with evidence of human settlements dating back to the Neolithic period.


  1. Byzantine Era: North Cyprus was part of the Byzantine Empire from the 4th century AD until the 12th century AD, with many churches and monasteries from this period still standing today.


  1. Venetian Rule: In the 15th century, North Cyprus was conquered by the Venetians, who ruled the island for more than 80 years, leaving behind many fortifications and historic buildings.


  1. Ottoman Empire: North Cyprus became part of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century, with the Ottomans ruling the island until the 20th century.


  1. British Colony: In 1878, North Cyprus became a British colony, which lasted until 1960 when Cyprus gained independence.


  1. Turkish Invasion: In 1974, the Turkish army invaded North Cyprus in response to a coup d'etat in which the Greek Cypriot government sought to unite Cyprus with Greece.


  1. Division of Cyprus: The invasion led to the division of Cyprus, with the northern part of the island becoming the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is only recognized by Turkey.


  1. Political Conflict: The division of Cyprus has led to political conflict between the two sides, with numerous attempts at resolving the issue through UN-led peace talks.


  1. Culture and Heritage: North Cyprus has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from the ancient Greeks, Byzantines, Venetians, Ottomans, and British.


  1. Tourism Industry: North Cyprus has developed a vibrant tourism industry, with many visitors attracted to the country's natural beauty, rich history, and cultural heritage.



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